Methodology Of The Calculator Of The Minimum Distance Between Solar Panels.
If the installation is to be installed on the ground or on a flat roof, it is extremely important to arrange the next rows of the installation in such a way that the shadow of the previous row does not obscure the next one. For this purpose, the distances of the rows from each other are determined using the calculations for the angle of incidence of solar radiation for December 23, when the sun is lowest above the horizon.
The selection of this distance is closely related to our geographical location, as well as the dimensions of our panel, its orientation and the angle of inclination.
The first step is to calculate the angle of incidence of the sun's rays. For the northern and southern hemispheres above the tropic, this value can be determined using the following formulas. The latitude of the installation location should be substituted for φ.